Water Pollution Info & Filtration
Water Pollution Sources, Causes, Effects and Solutions
Protect Your Home Environment From Water Pollution
What Is Water Pollution
Our world is full of organisms and chemicals that pollute our water
supply. Some pollutants seep into the water naturally, but most water
pollution is caused by ignorance, negligence or corporate greed.
You cannot see, smell, or taste most contaminants, but if they exist
in your water, the potential danger to your health is staggering. To read
a few of the problems people suffer as a result of contaminated water,
Asked Questions about Water Contaminants.
How to Test Your Water
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is a long list of Water pollutants, but this section addresses only the
main ones that cause serious health problems and that can be removed
through water filtration.
Chlorine is a natural element, a yellow-green gas at room temperature.
It is heavier than air, but under the correct pressure and temperature,
it can be converted into liquid. Chlorine is found in the earth and
can also be found in the sea. It is essential to the life of animals
Chlorine is widely used as a bleaching agent in the manufacturing
process of paper and cloth. When released into the air, it reacts
with water to make hydrochloric acid. When this acid breaks down,
the products that are left can lower the pH of water.
Water which has been treated with chlorine is effective in preventing
the spread of waterborne disease. Chlorine is used to treat water
because other water filter media types such as carbon are not effective
in killing sub-micron viruses and some bacteria. Thus chlorination
is also used to sanitize the water in swimming pools and as a disinfection
stage in sewage treatment.
Why Remove Chlorine from Water?
When chlorine enters the body as a result of breathing, swallowing
or skin contact, it reacts with water to produce acids. The acids
are corrosive and damage cells in the body on contact. Most harmful
chlorine exposures are the result of inhalation, especially while
showering or soaking in a hot tub of water. Health effects typically
begin within seconds to minutes. Following chlorine exposure, the
most common symptoms are airway irritation, wheezing, difficulty
breathing, sore throat, cough or irritation of the skin or eyes.
The severity of health effects depend upon the route of exposure,
the dose and the duration of exposure to chlorine.
Chlorine byproducts can also affect health, such as Trihalomethanes
(THM). Trihalomethanes are formed as a by-product predominantly when
chlorine is used to disinfect water for drinking. THMs represent
one group of chemicals generally referred to as disinfection by-products
(DBP). They result from the reaction of chlorine and/or bromine with
organic matter present in the water being treated. The THMs produced
have been associated through epidemiological studies with some adverse
health effects. They can be absorbed into the body through the skin
or by inhalation. When THMs are absorbed through the skin or into
the lungs, they hold stronger carcinogenic properties because they
aren't detoxified through the liver.
How to Remove Chlorine from Water?
Chlorine is added in varying amounts to all municipal water supplies
in the US, although it may be added by itself or combined with ammonia
to create chloramines. Chlorine,
by itself, is generally easy to remove with carbon filters, but not
all carbon filters remove the disinfection by-products. With chloramines, KDF85 breaks
the chlorine:ammonia bond, then carbon can easily remove the chlorine
Articles and Studies
Chlorine Removing Products:
Chloramine is a mixture of chlorine and ammonia, which is added
to the water of many cities as a substitute for free chlorine. It
is often referred to in the plural, as chloramines, because it
can take on a number of forms according to the pH and mineral content
of the water. The three species of chloramine constantly and rapidly
shift from one form to another. The species that predominates is
dependent on pH, temperature, turbulence and the chlorine to ammonia
ratio. Chloramines are all respiratory irritants with trichloramine
being the most toxic. For more information, see our Chloramine
Water Pollution Solution: Chloramine is added in
varying amounts to some municipal water supplies in the US, but can
be removed through KDF85 and eolith water filtration medias.
Articles and Studies
Chloramines Removing Products:
Fluoride, Fluorine and Fluorosilic Acid
Fluoride is a severe biological poison . Being
intensely negative, it unlatches positive hydrogen bonds in enzymes
"Warning. Keep out of reach of children under 6 years of
age. If more than [sic] used for brushing is accidentally swallowed,
get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center right away."
The warning on toothpaste tubes is due to lawsuits in which children
were poisoned by fluoride-containing toothpaste. For instance,
Keith Cantor, a little boy who lived in McMinnville, Oregon died
in the dentists chair from ingesting teaspoon of fluoride, and
3 kidney dialysis patients were killed in 1998 at the University
of Chicago Medical School, when nurses used unpurified Chicago
tap water for dialysis (ref 11).
To add to the problem, most states add at least 1 ppm of sodium
fluoride or fluorosilic acid (radioactive
toxic waste that contains fluoride) to the water supply, even though
it has been proven that at least 113 medical side effects from cancer
to headaches are caused by fluoride in the water.
Water Pollution Solution: Fluoride, which is added
to water in many states, requires a special filter. An Activated
Alumina filter is the most commonly used Fluoride filtration method.
Fluoride, Fluorine and
Fluorosilic Acid Articles and Studies
Fluoride Removing Products:
As recently reported in the news, analysis of tap water supplies
in major metropolitan areas conducted by the Associated Press has
revealed that the water supply in 24 major U.S. cities -- serving
over 40 million people -- are contaminated with trace amounts of
pharmaceuticals including antibiotics, anti-seizure medications,
anti-inflammatory drugs, psychotropic drugs, pain medications and
even caffeine. The upshot of the report is that tens of millions
of Americans are unwittingly being subjected to a bizarre medical
experiment with unpredictable results. No scientist can say for certain
whether long-term exposure to micro doses of multiple pharmaceuticals
is safe because such an experiment has never before been conducted
on any population.
According to the Water Quality Association, home water filtration
systems provide the highest technology available for treatment of
drinking water. While water utilities are required to meet safety
standards set by the U.S. EPA, home filtering systems act as a final
contaminant barrier and can further purify water for drinking.
Pharmaceutical Removing Products:
Cysts: Cryptosporidium and Giardia
A Cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue; a cyst can be filled
with air, fluid, pus, or other material. Common water-borne microbiological
cysts are Cryptosporidium or Giardia cysts.
Cryptosporidium is a parasite that enters lakes and rivers through
sewage and animal waste. It causes cryptosporidiosis, a mild gastrointestinal
disease. However, the disease can be severe or fatal for people with
severely weakened immune systems.
Giardia lamblia is a parasite that enters lakes and rivers through
sewage and animal waste. It causes gastrointestinal illness (e.g.
diarrhea, vomiting, cramps). Giardia outbreaks can occur in communities
where water supplies become contaminated with raw sewage. It can
be contracted by drinking water from lakes or streams where water-dwelling
animals such as beavers and muskrats, or where domestic animals such
as sheep, have caused contamination.
Water Pollution Solution: Three excellent methods
for removing cysts from drinking water is to super chlorinate the
water, boil the water for one minute or use a one micron water filter.
Cyst Removing Products:
Nitrates in Well Water or Springs
Drinking water high in nitrate is potentially harmful to human and
animal health. Nitrate (NO3) is a naturally occurring form of nitrogen
(N) which is very mobile in water. It is essential for plant growth
and is often added to soil to improve productivity. Water moving
down through soil after rainfall or irrigation carries dissolved
nitrate with it to ground water. In this way, nitrate enters the
water supplies of many homeowners who use wells or springs.
Water Pollution Solution: Nitrates require a special
filter. Cation Resin filters are commonly used to remove Nitrates.
Nitrate Removing Products:
Causes Of Water Pollution
There are many causes of water pollution. But no matter the causes of
water pollution, the effects to our health and environment are disastrous.
How To Prevent Water Pollution
Preventing water pollution is a global political, industrial and socioeconomic
problem not easily solved. But the most effective and long-term solutions
start with the individual. So the question becomes, "What can you
do in your own environment to prevent water pollution?"
Filtering your water is the best defense. All states in the US add chlorine
to municipal water supplies, and carbon filters remove chlorine. Cysts
can usually be removed with a one micron carbon filter. Fluoride, which
is added to water in most states, requires a special filter, as do Nitrates.
Water Pollution Articles
The better educated you are about water pollution causes, effects and
solutions, the better you can prevent you and your loved ones from getting
sick from drinking and bathing in polluted water. Here are a few articles
about water pollution:
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